December first is world AIDS day. AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is the most advanced stage of an HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection, where the immune system is permanently compromised. Proper nutrition in patients is of tantamount importance because AIDS and many of its treatments often change the body’s metabolism. Wasting syndrome, vomiting and diarrhea, and lipid abnormalities are just some of the adverse effects. Eating well to maintain strength, energy, and a healthy immune system is important in having a good quality of life for those with AIDS. This means eating proper amounts of protein, carbs, fat, vitamins and minerals, and drinking adequate amounts of safe and clean water. Besides eating a healthy, well-rounded diet, food safety is of major concern. Since AIDS weakens the body’s immune system, there are certain food safety precautions that patients need to adhere to. All foods need to be cooked thoroughly – eggs and meat cannot be “over easy” or anything less than well done. Fruits, vegetables and kitchen utensils need to be carefully washed. When cooking, there must be separate cutting boards for meats, vegetables, and other food items. Lastly, water safety is extremely important. AIDS patients must make sure that they do not drink water from lakes, ponds, rivers, or streams. It is recommended to use a store-bought bottled water or a water filter for drinking. When traveling, it is critical to only drink bottled water. It is the job of Registered Dietitians to help educate and help AIDS patients understand and prioritize their nutritional health.
- Mohney G. Sports Medicine Experts Bust Marathon Training Myths. ABC News. http://abcnews.go.com/Health/sports-medicine-experts-bust-marathon-training-myths/story?id=43227809. Published November 2, 2016. Accessed November 29, 2016. http://abcnews.go.com/Health/sports-medicine-experts-bust-marathon-training-myths/story?id=43227809. Published November 2, 2016. Accessed November 29, 2016.